A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit. SM City North EDSA is a shopping mall located at the intersection of North Avenue and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue in Quezon City, was opened in the year of November 25, City North EDSA innovated and institutionalized the one-stop shopping complex” and was the first mall in the Philippines to introduce malling” as a pastime.
The decline of the department stores and the rise of the shopping malls in Hong Kong are the complex amalgamating results of many interweaving factors like the changes in the consumer culture, economy, planning, urban development, government policies and many other events throughout the history of the city.
After shopping malls become an essential architectural model for combing various programmes like offices, hotels and serviced apartments into a unified whole which can generate profits more effectively, the new developments in Hong Kong usually contain the malls in the first few floors.
Strip malls have developed since the 1920s, corresponding to the rise of suburban living in the United States after World War II. As such, the strip mall development has been the subject of the same criticisms leveled against suburbanisation and suburban sprawl in general.
Department stores were mostly located in the commercial districts in the urban centre, before the local department store Wing On opened its branch store in the first private housing estate of Hong Kong (Mei Foo Sun Chuen) in the 1970s, and the Japanese department store Yaohan opened its first store in the shopping mall in a new town (Sha Tin) in the 1980s.