L is usually applied to enclosed retail structures (and may be abbreviated to simply mall) while shopping centre usually refers to open-air retail complexes. Despite the shopping malls, where rules of personal conduct are enforced and visitors being monitored, are not formal public spaces, they belong to the public domain where an exchange between different social groups is possible and also actually occurs, defined by Maarten Hajer and Arnold Reijndorp.

In this section, I shall illustrate the relationship between the shopping malls and communities and how the malls have been breaking down the social ties in the neighbourhood; in the next section, I shall illustrate how the shopping malls have been turning the neighbourhoods or even the while city into sites of consumption.

Hi-Tech Mall (Biasa disebut THR) adalah pusat perbelanjaan, yang terletak di jalan kusuma bangsa 116-118 ,disini menyediakan segala alat-alat elektronik terutama computer yang terlengkap di Surabaya, disini banyak counter yang menawarkan segala hardware dan software computer terbaru dan juga service computer.

Another reason why the shopping malls in the urban centre cannot function as the public domain as the ones in the new towns do is they are not designed to serve only the surrounding neighbourhoods but actually the whole city of Hong Kong, probably due to their high land value and rent.

On the other hand, shopping malls act as perfect linkage between the stations and the residential development because the malls are climatically well controlled indoor environment which protects the passers-by from getting wet under the rain and from the polluted air.shopping mallshopping mallshopping mall